TY - JOUR
UR - https://doi.org/10.25259/JCIS_76_2021
DO - 10.25259/JCIS_76_2021
TI - The diagnostic utility of unenhanced computed tomography of the brain and D-dimer levels in acute cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: A quantitative study
AU - Alharbi,Omar Abdullah
AU - Alahmadi,Khalid Omar
AB -
Objectives
(1) To calculate the sensitivity and specificity of the Hounsfield Unit (HU), the HU to hematocrit (H:H) ratio, and the D-dimer level in the diagnosis of acute CVST. (2) To assess the D-dimer level’s linear relationship with the HU and the H:H ratio.
Materials and Methods
A single-center retrospective case-control study was conducted from 2005 to 2020. The inclusion criteria for the thrombosed and control groups were specified. A region of interest (ROI) was plotted on the respective sinuses to calculate the HU. The H:H ratio was calculated by dividing the HU value by the hematocrit value. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to calculate the sensitivity and specificity of the HU and the H:H ratio at different cutoff values. The Pearson correlation was used to assess the linear relationship between the D-dimer level and the HU and H:H ratio.
Results
There were 19 patients in the thrombosed group and 28 patients in the control group. There were significant differences in the mean HU (71 ± 6.3 vs. 45 ± 4.8, P < 0.001) and the mean H:H ratio (2.11 ± 0.38 vs. 1.46 ± 0.63,P < 0.001). An optimal HU value of 56 yielded 100% sensitivity and specificity. An H:H value of 1.48 yielded a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 65%, an H:H ratio of 1.77 demonstrated a sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 90%, and an H:H ratio of 1.88 yielded a sensitivity of 79% and a specificity of 93%. D-dimer levels had a 95% and 71% sensitivity and specificity, respectively. There was a significant moderately positive linear correlation between the D-dimer level and the HU (r = 0.52, P < 0.001) and the H:H ratio (r = 0.61, P < 0.001).
Conclusion
Unenhanced CT of the brain can be a valuable objective diagnostic tool for acute CVST diagnosis. Hounsfield blood density and its normalized ratio with hematocrit are positively correlated with D-dimer levels, which may indicate active blood coagulation in a cerebral venous sinus.
VL - 12
SP - 15
T2 - Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
JO - Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
J2 - Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
SN - 2156-7514
SN - 2156-5597
ER -