Pictorial essay

Nonconventional Options for Tumor Localization in Breast and Axillary Lymph Nodes: A Pictorial How-To.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA, 
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author



DOI: 10.4103/jcis.JCIS_57_18


Preoperative localization of breast malignancies using traditional ultrasound and digital techniques can be challenging, particularly after neoadjuvant chemotherapy when the target is not conspicuous. The purpose of this paper is to pictorially present nontraditional techniques that have been helpful in preoperative localization before surgery. We will discuss techniques for breast lesion localization using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as well as axillary lymph node localization using tomosynthesis, CT, and MRI.
Keywords: Computed tomography, localization, magnetic resonance imaging, tomosynthesis

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