Pictorial essay

Nonconventional Options for Tumor Localization in Breast and Axillary Lymph Nodes: A Pictorial How-To.

Naziya SamreenChristine U LeeAsha A Bhatt
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Asha A Bhatt

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st, SW Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.
E-mail: bhatt.asha@mayo.edu

DOI: 10.4103/jcis.JCIS_57_18


Preoperative localization of breast malignancies using traditional ultrasound and digital techniques can be challenging, particularly after neoadjuvant chemotherapy when the target is not conspicuous. The purpose of this paper is to pictorially present nontraditional techniques that have been helpful in preoperative localization before surgery. We will discuss techniques for breast lesion localization using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as well as axillary lymph node localization using tomosynthesis, CT, and MRI.
Keywords: Computed tomography, localization, magnetic resonance imaging, tomosynthesis

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