The major and minor salivary glands of the head and neck are important structures that contribute to many of the normal physiologic processes of the aerodigestive tract. The major salivary glands are routinely included within the field of view of standard neuroimaging, and although easily identifiable, salivary pathology is relatively rare and often easy to overlook. Knowledge of the normal and abnormal imaging appearance of the salivary glands is critical for forming useful differential diagnoses, as well as initiating proper clinical workup for what are often incidental findings. The purpose of this review is to provide a succinct image-rich article illustrating relevant anatomy and pathology of the salivary glands via an extensive review of the primary literature. In Part 1, we review anatomy as well as provide an in-depth discussion of the various infectious and inflammatory processes that can affect the salivary glands.
Frederick Vivino, Vatinee Y. Bunya, Giacomina Massaro-Giordano, Chadwick R. Johr, Stephanie L. Giattino, Annemarie Schorpion, Brian Shafer, Ammon Peck, Kathy Sivils, Astrid Rasmussen, John A. Chiorini, Jing He and Julian L. Ambrus (2019) Sjogren’s syndrome: An update on disease pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and treatment. Clinical Immunology203:81. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2019.04.009
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.