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Review article

Imaging of Cystic and Cyst-like Lesions of the Mediastinum with Pathologic Correlation

Kemal OdevBilgin K Aru0131bau015fAlaaddin NaymanOlgun K Aru0131bau015fTamer Altu0131nokAhmet Küçükapan
Departments of Radiology, 2Thoracic Surgery, Selcuk University, Meram School of Medicine, Oncology Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Date of Submission: 15-Dec-2011, Date of Acceptance: 05-Mar-2012, Date of Web Publication: 29-Jun-2012.
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Kemal Ödev

E-mail: kemalodev50@yahoo.com

Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Kemal Ödev

E-mail: kemalodev50@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.97750 Facebook Twitter Google Linkedin


Cystic masses of the mediastinum are a heterogenous group of asymptomatic or symptomatic, congenital, infectious, or neoplastic lesions. For early and correct diagnosis, evaluation, and optimal patient management of cystic mediastinal masses in infants, children, or adults imaging plays an important role. A non-invasive and sensitive imaging modality is an efficient and cost-effective tool. Multidetector computed tomography (MDTC) with volumetric acquisition provides fast acquisition of high resolution images and multiplanar reconstruction. Both 2D and 3D imaging in mediastinal imaging help in surgical planning and assessing resectability of mediastinal lesions. MR imaging has many advantages over other modalities for detecting and identifying cystic, or fluid-filled mediastinal masses, because of its intrinsic high soft tissue contrast and direct multiplanar imaging capabilities. However, histological tissue analysis may be required to differentiate a cystic lesion from other cyst-like or low-attenuation lesions.
Keywords: Cysts, Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mediastinum, Radiograph

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  2. Daniel Vargas, Thomas Suby-Long and Carlos S. Restrepo (2016) Cystic Lesions of the Mediastinum. Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI 37(3):212. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2015.12.005
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  8. Houda El Mhabrech, Ahmed Zrig, Habib Besbes, Amine Ksia, Karim Ben Ameur, Aouatef Hajjeji and Chiraz Hafsa (2017) An unusual cause of neonatal respiratory distress: neurenteric cyst. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 37(4):528. doi: 10.1080/01443615.2017.1281898
  9. Marco Salvatore (2015) Correlative Imaging in a Patient with Cystic Thymoma: CT, MR and PET/CT Comparison. Pol J Radiol 80:22. doi: 10.12659/PJR.892105
  10. Yuchong Zhao, Ronghua Wang, Yun Wang, Qian Chen, Liangkai Chen, Wei Hou, Limin Liu, Wei Gao and Bin Cheng (2019) Application of endoscopic ultrasound-guided-fine needle aspiration combined with cyst fluid analysis for the diagnosis of mediastinal cystic lesions. Thorac Cancer 10(2):156. doi: 10.1111/1759-7714.12924

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