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Pictorial essay

Multimodality imaging of normal hepatic transplant vasculature and graft vascular complications

Jeffrey H RobertsFernanda S MazzariolSusan J FrankSarah K OhMordecai KoenigsbergMarjorie W Stein
Department of Radiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, 111 E. 210th St., Bronx, NY 10467, USA
Date of Submission: 27-Aug-2011, Date of Acceptance: 28-Sep-2011, Date of Web Publication: 25-Oct-2011.
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Marjorie W. Stein

E-mail: mstein17@aol.com

Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Marjorie W. Stein

E-mail: mstein17@aol.com

DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.86665 Facebook Twitter Google Linkedin


Orthotopic liver transplantation is an important treatment option for patients with end-stage liver disease. Advances in surgical technique, along with improvements in organ preservation and immunosuppression have improved patient outcomes. Post-operative complications, however, can limit this success. Ultrasound is the primary imaging modality for evaluation of hepatic transplants, providing real-time information about vascular flow in the graft. Graft vascular complications are not uncommon, and their prompt recognition is crucial to allow for timely graft salvage. A multimodality approach including CT angiography, MRI, or conventional angiography may be necessary in cases of complex transplant vascular anatomy or when sonography and Doppler are inconclusive to diagnose the etiologies of these complications. The purpose of this article is to familiarize radiologists with the normal post-transplant vascular anatomy and the imaging appearances of the major vascular complications that may occur within the hepatic artery, portal vein, and venous outflow tract, with an emphasis on ultrasound.
Keywords: Doppler, Hepatic, Spectral, Ultrasound, Vascular

Cited in 8 Documents

  1. Hong Wang, Pengfei Han, Xiaorong Sun, Jiandan Cai, Xin Fan and Yan Luo Detection of Hepatic Hemodynamics in Normal Rhesus Monkeys Using High-Frequency Ultrasound Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 40(4) 2014 837. Doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2013.09.002
  2. Suxian Chen, Xiong Wang, Baoxin Zhang, Baijing Liu and Hui Pan Meta-analysis of the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the detection of vascular complications after liver transplantation Rev Esp Enferm Dig 111 2018 . Doi: 10.17235/reed.2018.5818/2018
  3. Eva Maria Teegen, Timm Denecke, Robert Eisele, Christian Lojewski, Peter Neuhaus and Sascha Santosh Chopra Clinical application of modern ultrasound techniques after liver transplantation Acta Radiol 57(10) 2016 1161. Doi: 10.1177/0284185116633910
  4. Lin Ma, Kefei Chen, Qiang Lu, Wenwu Ling and Yan Luo Case report of hepatic artery dissection secondary to hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after living donor liver transplantation BMC Gastroenterol 16(1) 2016 . Doi: 10.1186/s12876-016-0458-8
  5. Piero Boraschi, Francescamaria Donati, Massimiliano Rossi, Davide Ghinolfi, Franco Filipponi and Fabio Falaschi Role of MDCT in the detection of early abdominal complications after orthotopic liver transplantation Clinical Imaging 40(6) 2016 1200. Doi: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2016.08.018
  6. Andrew Wigham and Lee Alexander Grant Radiologic Assessment of Hepatobiliary Surgical Complications Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI 34(1) 2013 18. Doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2012.11.002
  7. Han Wang, Feng Zhang, Yanfeng Meng, Tong Zhang, Patrick Willis, Thomas Le, Stephanie Soriano, Erik Ray, Karim Valji, Guixiang Zhang, Xiaoming Yang and Ming-Lung Yu MRI-Monitored Intra-Shunt Local Agent Delivery of Motexafin Gadolinium: Towards Improving Long-Term Patency of TIPS PLoS ONE 8(2) 2013 e57419. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057419
  8. Lin Ma Vascular complications after adult living donor liver transplantation: Evaluation with ultrasonography WJG 22(4) 2016 1617. Doi: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i4.1617

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