Go Back
This abstract was viewed 189 times

Pictorial essay

Imaging of the bursae

Zameer HirjiJaspal S HunjunHema N Choudur
Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Canada
Date of Submission: 12-Mar-2011, Date of Acceptance: 26-Mar-2011, Date of Web Publication: 02-May-2011.
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Zameer Hirji

E-mail: zameer.hirji@gmail.com

Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Zameer Hirji

E-mail: zameer.hirji@gmail.com

DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.80374 Facebook Twitter Google Linkedin


When assessing joints with various imaging modalities, it is important to focus on the extraarticular soft tissues that may clinically mimic joint pathology. One such extraarticular structure is the bursa. Bursitis can clinically be misdiagnosed as joint-, tendon- or muscle-related pain. Pathological processes are often a result of inflammation that is secondary to excessive local friction, infection, arthritides or direct trauma. It is therefore important to understand the anatomy and pathology of the common bursae in the appendicular skeleton. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to characterize the clinically relevant bursae in the appendicular skeleton using diagrams and corresponding multimodality images, focusing on normal anatomy and common pathological processes that affect them. The aim is to familiarize radiologists with the radiological features of bursitis.
Keywords: Bursae, Computed Tomography, Imaging, Interventions, Magnetic Resonance, Ultrasound

Cited in 18 Documents

  1. Yogesh Kumar, Mohammad Khaleel, Ethan Boothe, Haitham Awdeh, Vibhor Wadhwa and Avneesh Chhabra (2017) Role of Diffusion Weighted Imaging in Musculoskeletal Infections: Current Perspectives. Eur Radiol 27(1):414. doi: 10.1007/s00330-016-4372-9
  2. Ajay Varghese and Stefano Bianchi (2014) Ultrasound of tibialis anterior muscle and tendon: anatomy, technique of examination, normal and pathologic appearance. J Ultrasound 17(2):113. doi: 10.1007/s40477-013-0060-7
  3. E.N. Unlu, Y. Turhan, D.M. Kos and A.A. Safak (2017) Assessment of anterior subcutaneous hypersignal on proton-density-weighted MR imaging of the knee and relationship with anterior knee pain. Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging 98(4):339. doi: 10.1016/j.diii.2016.08.008
  4. Christopher M. LaPrade, Matthew T. Rasmussen and Robert F. LaPrade (2014) The Patellofemoral Joint in the Athlete. (Chapter 1):1. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-4157-1_1
  5. Walter Osias, George R. Matcuk, Matthew R. Skalski, Dakshesh B. Patel, Aaron J. Schein, George F. Rick Hatch and Eric A. White (2018) Scapulothoracic pathology: review of anatomy, pathophysiology, imaging findings, and an approach to management. Skeletal Radiol 47(2):161. doi: 10.1007/s00256-017-2791-6
  6. Evan Hardy, Deborah C. Merrett, Hua Zhang, Quanchao Zhang, Hong Zhu and Dongya Y. Yang (2019) Possible case of pressure resorption associated with osteoarthritis in human skeletal remains from ancient China. International Journal of Paleopathology 24:1. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpp.2018.07.005
  7. Ferdinando Draghi, Luigia Scudeller, Anna Guja Draghi and Chandra Bortolotto (2015) Prevalence of subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis in shoulder pain: an ultrasonographic study. J Ultrasound 18(2):151. doi: 10.1007/s40477-015-0167-0
  8. Lauren M. Ladd, Donna G. Blankenbaker and Michael J. Tuite (2017) Pitfalls in Musculoskeletal Radiology. (Chapter 21):391. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-53496-1_21
  9. R. Ghotbi and K. Deilmann (2012) Poplitealarterienaneurysma. Gefässchirurgie 17(7):681. doi: 10.1007/s00772-012-1048-x
  10. Michael V. Friedman, J. Derek Stensby, Jeremiah R. Long, Stephen A. Currie and Travis J. Hillen (2017) Beyond the greater trochanter: a pictorial review of the pelvic bursae. Clinical Imaging 41:37. doi: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2016.09.010
  11. Neeraj B Purohit and Leonard J King (2015) Ultrasound of lower limb sports injuries. Ultrasound 23(3):149. doi: 10.1177/1742271X15588809
  12. R. Ghotbi and K. Deilmann (2013) Poplitealarterienaneurysma. Chirurg 84(3):243. doi: 10.1007/s00104-013-2501-4
  13. Mustafa Resorlu, Davut Doner, Ozan Karatag and Canan Akgun Toprak (2017) The relationship between chondromalacia patella, medial meniscal tear and medial periarticular bursitis in patients with osteoarthritis. 51(4):401. doi: 10.1515/raon-2017-0053
  14. Manisha Raythatha, Damon Spitz and Joseph Y. Tang (2019) Fluoroscopically-guided Joint and Bursa Injection Techniques: A Comprehensive Primer. Seminars in Roentgenology 54(2):124. doi: 10.1053/j.ro.2018.09.002
  15. Adham Aboul Fotouh Khalil and Cristina Hernández-Díaz (2015) Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography in Rheumatic Diseases. (Chapter 11):239. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-15723-8_11
  16. Panagiotis Kratimenos, Ioannis Koutroulis, Dante Marconi, Jennifer Ding, Christos Plakas and Margaret Fisher (2014) Septic Bursitis in an 8-Year-Old Boy. Case Reports in Pediatrics 2014:1. doi: 10.1155/2014/823921
  17. Mohammad Samim, Edward Smitaman, David Lawrence and Hicham Moukaddam (2014) MRI of anterior knee pain. Skeletal Radiol 43(7):875. doi: 10.1007/s00256-014-1816-7
  18. Yong Wei Liu, Matthew R. Skalski, Dakshesh B. Patel, Eric A. White, Anderanik Tomasian and George R. Matcuk (2018) The anterior knee: normal variants, common pathologies, and diagnostic pitfalls on MRI. Skeletal Radiol 47(8):1069. doi: 10.1007/s00256-018-2928-2

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.